How To Build A Skyscraper
When you drive by a construction site filled with heavy equipment and men wearing hardhats, it’s evident that a large commercial project is underway. But do you ever wonder who is in charge of taking an idea and turning it into a skyscraper? It takes a lot of people to build a massive structure like a multi-story office building, each with their unique skills and abilities. Regardless of the size of the building, however, the process is much the same.
Before a construction project can begin, someone has to provide the capital for materials and labor. That’s where the developer comes in. With a large office building, for example, the developer will provide the funding for the project, hoping to have signed leases on much of the office space by the time the project is complete. After determining the size and scope of the project, the developer will organize a project team consisting of an architecture firm, a professional engineering firm and a general contractor.
After hearing the developer’s vision for the property, it’s the architect’s job to design the building. The architectural team will consist of licensed architects, project managers, interns and CAD (computer-aided design) operators. The senior architects will develop a plan that meets with the developer’s approval and their team produces the drawings the construction crews will use to build the structure.
While the architect’s job is to design a beautiful building, the engineers are responsible for making sure it will stand up. The structural engineer will ensure that the design is sound and determine what kind of infrastructure is necessary to make the building safe. The engineering group will also include electrical, mechanical, civil and specialty engineers.
Once the drawings are completed and signed by the licensed architect and the professional engineers, the general contractor will manage the construction of the building. They will hire the construction crews and tradespeople and make sure that they all adhere to the construction drawings. The architectural project manager will provide oversight during the construction process to make sure that they do, and will assist with any design problems that come up.
From the underground parking garage to the spire at the top, there are many different skilled individuals involved in building a skyscraper. It might take a year or more to complete, but hopefully, by that time, the offices are leased and tenants are eager to begin building out their brand new space.